When you are undergoing a replacement of any joint including hip, knee, shoulder, ankle or toe, physical therapy plays a very critical role in every step of the process. Physical therapy exercises before surgery can prepare your body for surgery and recovery as well as improve post-surgical outcomes. A physical therapist can also educate the patient and caregivers on what to expect after surgery including modifications necessary for the house, post-surgical limitations and how to use any assistive devices or modifications to usual activities.
Following surgery, physical therapy will consist of exercises and manual therapy to address pain and any resulting impairments. This can include improving range of motion, flexibility, strength and balance in order to increase independence and return to prior level of activities.